Customer Testimonials

The test results from March have proven to be invaluable in my training.  My bike has become much stronger now that I’m training in an accurate HR zone than previously.  The knowledge and HR zones are quite helpful.   Thanks again for your assistance in helping me get to “quality” training versus junk miles.
It was a great overall experience.  In the end I felt really good, other people were lying on the ground curled up in little balls and I felt fine walking around talking to family and friends. The process and experience you have taken me through these last 8 months has been amazing and I can’t thank you enough. I feel a lot stronger this year than I did last year thanks to your coaching. I would have never come this far without it, so I say thank you again.

Services Description

Are you looking for a cycling, multi sport or fitness coach? Specialists in Sports Performance offers services for fitness, cyclists and multisport athletes with a Higher Standard! Whether you are a beginner or seeking peak performance to stand on top of the podium, services are designed to understand what it means to realize your full potential through self-discipline, time-management, hard work, goal setting and accountability. Whatever your ambitions and goals are… a scientific trainer/coach WILL help you succeed by ensuring your efforts count!

The theory of training is based on how the body adapts in response to the work/rest it is given. This training effect is based on science …the overload principle. This principle is simple; subject a muscle cell to a workload more than it is used to, give it some rest and the stressed cell rebuilds to a higher level so it can handle work in the future. The process takes time, which is determined by training intensity, type of training, frequency of stress, fitness level of systems, recovery, other stresses, etc. Simply put, your body can only do what you train it to do. If you train smart, you get positive results.

Many people do the same training every day. However, the human body was designed to move within a gravitational field, capable of multi activities, adapting to changes in load, force, work and physiological fuel demands. A smart, well rounded program should include the overload principle to all of the systems and muscle fiber, to encourage the body to change. This means alternating workouts that balance stress and rest, aerobic and anaerobic without compromise to your health while teaching your body varied lessons. Scientific training will focus on how the individual body adapts and the type of training that encourages the adaptation, so you will keep moving toward your fitness and performance goals.

 

Coaching and Training Seminars

 

 

As a professional coach, trainer or instructor, it is your responsibility to promote the best practices that support healthy and active lifestyles based on training principles. With thorough knowledge and experience in science based training, you strengthen your ability to put the best practices into effect and expand your credibility. Knowledge is that key element. As a global leader in science based technology research and education, Angie has made a difference in the coaching industry. Her education workshops have proven to support the application of the roots of training principles, which is the most effective means to wellness, fitness and performance. Contact Angie to host a seminar at your site.

 

Fitness Training and Programs

For those that use weights, equipment at the local club, train in-home or at the office, you will receive an individualized program guaranteed to take you to a new level of fitness. All training includes interactive on-line training logs and daily communication.

Indoor Cycling

Here we need more information. There is little to copy from the old website.


Spinning® Introduces The Innovative Power-Based Training Program, Spinpower™ – Yahoo! Finance
http://finance.yahoo.com/news/spinning-introduces-innovative-power-based-160000038.html
LOS ANGELES, May 21, 2013 /PRNewswire/ – As the most recognized name in indoor cycling, Spinning ® is once again on the cutting edge of technology and comprehensive education. With the launch of proven …
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Other Services

Custom training plans, dietary / nutrition plans and programs and group training.

 

Sport or Event Specific Coaching and Training Plans

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Make the most of who you are with an individualized training program, coached by expertise. Expertise in cycling, power based training, running, triathlon and overall sports conditioning. All coaching programs include interactive on-line training logs and daily communication.

Strength Training and Programs

Whether you are seeking weight-loss, fitness, performance or a body builder’s physique, cardio training alone will not completely develop the muscles. The key fundamentals to success must incorporate strength training. Not only is strength training important for performance, but it is essential for boosting power, endurance, fat loss, health and longevity. Receive custom made programs and individualized training to meet your needs and goals. All training includes interactive on-line training logs.

Web-Based Training

Web-Based Interaction offers highest level of service with software communication

  • Customized Training and Meal Plans
  • Plans displayed by day, week, month or year
  • 24/7 availability to you & on the spot monitoring, analyzing & tweaking from your coach
  • Efficient and accurate feedback and support from anywhere
  • Dashboards for log-in info, recorded workouts, nutrition & fitness changes.
  • Email notifications for planned workouts are sent daily
  • Customized Power, Pace & Heart Rate Zones, based on assessments and data.
  • Manually enter data such as Distance, Time or Calories Burned. Or, upload your device and watch the fields fill automatically with Elevation Gain, Speed, Heart Rate, Power, and more, depending on your device.
  • Replay your workout in the File Viewer showing key metrics like Heart Rate, Power, Speed, Distance and, when combined with GPS, a map of your route.
  • Share the File Viewer with your friends by email or Facebook.
  • View important data like planned vs. actual time and distance, time in zones, calories burned versus calories consumed, and much more.
  • Nutrition Logs
  • Easily find foods in the Nutrition Library from a selection of more than 50,000 items, then record your meal in the Journal.
  • Track cholesterol, protein, fat, carbohydrates, calories and more.
  • Check the number and percentage of calories and grams from fat, protein, carbohydrates and fiber on the Macronutrients pod.
  • Mark frequently recorded foods as Favorites to find even faster next time.
  • Customized Training and Meal Plans
  • Plans displayed by day, week, month or year
  • 24/7 availability to you & on the spot monitoring, analyzing & tweaking from your coach
  • Efficient and accurate feedback and support from anywhere
  • Dashboards for log-in info, recorded workouts, nutrition & fitness changes.
  • Email notifications for planned workouts are sent daily
  • Customized Power, Pace & Heart Rate Zones, based on assessments and data.
  • Manually enter data such as Distance, Time or Calories Burned. Or, upload your device and watch the fields fill automatically with Elevation Gain, Speed, Heart Rate, Power, and more, depending on your device.
  • Replay your workout in the File Viewer showing key metrics like Heart Rate, Power, Speed, Distance and, when combined with GPS, a map of your route.
  • Share the File Viewer with your friends by email or Facebook.
  • View important data like planned vs. actual time and distance, time in zones, calories burned versus calories consumed, and much more.
  • Nutrition Logs & Plans
  • Easily find foods in the Nutrition Library from a selection of more than 50,000 items, then record your meal in the Journal.
  • Track cholesterol, protein, fat, carbohydrates, calories and more.
  • Check the number and percentage of calories and grams from fat, protein, carbohydrates and fiber on the Macronutrients pod.
  • Mark frequently recorded foods as Favorites to find even faster next time.

Weight Management

Energy balance is simply a matter of managing the energy you use or store. It is commonly referred to as balancing ‘energy in and energy out’. More than 45 million Americans exhibit metabolic syndrome, which is a result of using their body in a different way than intended: decreasing activity, increasing fuel intake, processed food & supplementation….working against the way the human body was designed. The result is weight gain and a long list of diseases associated with being overweight. While most individuals rely on diets for their solution, the statistics clearly state more than 70% of Americans do not get enough physical activity to provide health benefits and 25% of them are not active at all. Only 10% of dieters keep their weight off with diet alone. The solution is a combination of wise nutrition choices and activity. The solution is simply a matter of shifting the ‘energy balance’. Discover a weight loss program and individualized training that is guaranteed to overcome metabolic syndrome and will last a lifetime.

 


Assessments Description

Coached clients of SSP are offered the same comprehensive testing available to elite and Olympic athletes. With VO2, VCO2, RMR, Efficiency, Power, Threshold and Heart Rate assessments, we can develop accurate training zones and individualized programs based on you as an individual. This is the quickest and best way to help you achieve optimal results that last a lifetime. Realize your full potential and get results now.

 

Power, Fitness or Efficiency Test

Efficiency Assessment

Coached Clients of SSP are offered –

Metabolic Efficiency Assessment

TEACHING THE BODY TO BURN MORE FAT!

To achieve weight loss, fitness and performance, it is critical to discover one’s ability to use fat — versus carbohydrates — as an energy source. A Metabolic Efficiency Assessment determines the type of fuel (Fat –vs- Carb) your system prefers to utilize at different efforts, including at rest. The more efficiently your body can use fat as a fuel, the longer you can perform workloads and the less fuel replenishment you’ll need. Plus, you’ll be leaner!
WHY IS THIS IMPORTANT?

For the Weight Loss and/or Fitness Client: A metabolic efficiency assessment will determine the appropriate prescribed training zones and nutritional requirements to turn you into a fat burner. You’ll burn more calories from fat, even when you are sleeping! Why waste one minute of your training session! Discover your true fat burning training zones and the exact amount of substrate ratios YOU need. Discover exactly what intensity you need to train to turn your body into a fat burning machine.

For the Athlete: The results will give caloric expenditure required for your event, show you how to preserve carb stores to decrease the amount of fuel replenishment, prescribes exactly how to increase fat as fuel so you can perform workloads, faster-longer and determine why you have GI distress or bonk during your trainings and events. A MUST for all athletes.

The Test: While on a treadmill, your bike or a stationary bike, a comfortable breathing mask will be placed over your mouth and nose. Tubes from the facemask are connected to an analyzer. You will perform a ramped exercise session, which starts very easy. Every 3-5 minutes, intensity will progressively increase, until you are at a hard effort. This is a sub-max assessment and you will NOT go to maximal effort. Thereafter, results are correlated to PACE, POWER and HEART RATE, VO2, VCO2, Kcals, Fat%, Carb %, Ventilation and RQ.

Check out a video of an efficiency assessment

Fitness Assessment

Coached Clients of SSP are offered:

VO2/VCO2 Fitness Assessment

Introduction to VO2/VCO2 Fitness Assessment

Components of Fitness

The three major components of fitness are cardio respiratory fitness, muscular strength and endurance, and flexibility. All three are important for health promotion, cardiovascular disease risk reduction and athletic performance. Of the three components, cardio respiration fitness is the best indicator of how well the heart, lungs, circulation and muscles are functioning. Cardio respiratory fitness determines the capacity to perform routine activities of daily living, leisure activities, participate in recreational sports or achieve peak athletic performance.

Cardio Respiratory Fitness & the Role of Oxygen

Cardio respiratory fitness refers to the ability to perform aerobically (means using oxygen for energy) at a moderate- to high-intensity for prolonged periods of time. As the intensity of your exercise increases you will reach the capacity of your aerobic system and you shift progressively to your anaerobic system. Just like an automobile engine, your body needs oxygen to mix with fuel to produce energy. Your lungs (carburetor) and heart (fuel pump) deliver oxygen to the individual muscle cells and combine with fuels (fat, carbohydrates) for the production of energy. One of the by-products (exhaust) of this energy creation is carbon dioxide. You breathe in oxygen and you breathe out carbon dioxide.

Your aerobic system uses a mixture of fats and carbohydrates as fuel along with a moderate amount of oxygen. In order for fat to be used as a fuel, oxygen must be present. Your anaerobic system primarily uses carbohydrates, in the form of blood sugar (glucose) or stored glycogen, as a fuel source. Only carbohydrates have the capability to be used without oxygen, or anaerobically. Anaerobic metabolism produces an increased amount of carbon dioxide exhaled.

Thus, from easy to somewhat hard efforts of exercise, you are performing aerobically. As the intensity shifts to hard effort, you start the switch from your aerobic system to your anaerobic system. It is the hardest effort you can maintain with the least amount of anaerobic stimulation. This point is referred to as your Aerobic Max or Lactate Threshold. Due to the increased demand for oxygen at this effort, you will breathe harder and more rapidly. If you continue to push past this point, lactic acid accumulates in the muscle and your body attempts to rid itself of this condition by buffering it with bicarbonate in the blood. This buffering process produces additional carbon dioxide in the blood which causes you to breathe even harder. This shift to anaerobic metabolism is typically referred to as your Anaerobic Threshold.

Fitness VO2/VCO2 Assessments

Fitness Assessments offered by Specialists in Sports Performance will provide a precise prescription to achieve the next level of health, fitness and peak performance. Assessments are far better than estimates because successful programs are based on your unique response to exercise. VO2 testing directly measures oxygen uptake, providing a way to distinguish between an improvement in mechanical efficiency and an actual physiological training effect. A value, called oxygen pulse (O2 pulse), is computed. Oxygen pulse is the amount of oxygen the body uses for energy production per heartbeat. Power output/watts can be correlated into this formula also. An increase in oxygen pulse for a given work load means the muscles can use more oxygen for energy production per heartbeat. An increase in oxygen pulse is absolute proof of an improvement in cardiorespiratory fitness. If VO2 remains the same and heart rate decreases, then oxygen pulse has increased and a physiological training effect has occurred. If VO2 decreases and the heart rate decreases to a greater degree, then oxygen pulse has increased. Like the above example, the decrease in heart rate is due to a physiological improvement in the cardiorespiratory system. If VO2 decreases and heart rate decreases to the same degree, then oxygen pulse has remained the same. The decrease in heart rate is due to improvements in mechanical efficiency rather than to any physiological improvement in the cardiorespiratory system.

A VO2/VCO2 test requires you to exercise under conditions that push the heart’s ability to deliver blood analyzing the volume of oxygen consumed (VO2) and the volume of carbon dioxide produced (VCO2) in a controlled environment. The assessment also measures your heart rate, power and speed, with a gradual increase in intensity until you reach a point sufficient to collect the desired exercise “metabolic profile”. The data collected will determine the exact training program for you. Target heart rates and/or power zones are scientifically determined and can then be incorporated into a peak performance, fitness or weight loss training program.

Types of VO2/VCO2 Fitness Tests

PEAK Graded Fitness Tests

The most accurate way to measure VO2 peak is to measure the amount of oxygen consumed during each minute of exercise while conducting a graded fitness test on a treadmill, bike or other piece of cardio exercise equipment. “Graded” means that the test starts at a low intensity and the workload is gradually increased by adjusting the resistance or workload. The test is considered a “peak” test because it goes until your VO2 peaks. Throughout the test, which typically lasts 7 to 15 minutes, you will wear a comfortable, lightweight breathing mask. VO2 peak is determined directly by measuring the peak amount of oxygen that is used for energy during the fitness test. Computer analysis determines how much oxygen your body is using, by analyzing the composition of every breath.

VO2 peak is one of the best predictors of a person’s ability to excel in aerobic or endurance sports, suggesting a superior cardio respiratory system. Although it is not the only predictor of performance, world-class athletes have a high VO2 peak. [Dr. Neil Gordon tested Lance Armstrong at age 16. His was over 80 ml/kg/min - almost double the average value for someone his age. Even at age 16, Armstrong was destined to become a world-class cyclist.] Although you may not have the engine of Armstrong, by using test data and following a smart training program, you may be able to improve VO2 by as much as 30%.

Sub Maximal Fitness Test

Although peak tests are safe when conducted by appropriately trained professionals, they do require a peak effort. A sub maximal fitness test stops at anaerobic threshold, avoiding the peak effort zone. This test is more applicable for those about to begin programs or attempting to determine information concerning health status.

The test is performed in the same manner as the Peak test. However, the test begins with a relatively low workload. The workload increases for each stage of the test. The test continues until the person reaches anaerobic threshold (appx 85% of peak), or feels the exercise is too hard. Since the oxygen uptake at each workload is directly measured, it is possible to estimate the VO2 peak the person would have achieved if the test had been a peak test.

Results of VO2/VCO2 Fitness Tests

Your Fitness Assessment Report provides the following measurements:

Oxygen Uptake (VO2)

your value in ml/kg/min as measured directly during the test. VO2 is the best measurement of aerobic fitness and considered by physiologists to be an ultimate indicator of cardiovascular fitness. This data tells your potential for endurance and will provide a true assessment of fitness levels. With a smart training program, you will increase VO2, thus increasing fat utilization and performance.

VCO2

your value of carbon dioxide production, measured in mL/min.

RQ

the ratio of the volume of CO2 expired to the volume of O2 consumed, in a given period of time. This will determine the fuel source metabolized, as fat consumes more O2 in ratio to CO2.

VE or Ventilation

the function of the inhalation and exhalation. This represents the amount of air you breathe in/out per minute.

Fat% – Carbohydrate %

is plotted, representing the fuel source utilized.

Fat Max

the intensity at which an individual burns the most fat. Using fat for fuel, more oxygen is required to release a given amount of energy than when carbohydrate is the main fuel. When plenty of oxygen is available to the muscle, fat is the preferred fuel.

Aerobic Max

the highest intensity level maintained with the least amount of anaerobic stimulation. This term is also similar to Lactate Threshold.

Anaerobic Threshold

represents a shift from oxidative to anaerobic energy metabolism and is known as the red-line to fat burning and endurance. At this point, your body can no longer provide adequate oxygen to the muscles, so it switches from burning fat stores to using the quick energy source your muscles have stored. Knowing one’s threshold allows one to achieve a very high level of cardiovascular conditioning without the discomfort and muscle damage of lactic acid buildup. The closer your threshold is to your VO2 max, the better your level of fitness.

Watts / Power Output

For those using a power meter, testing on an electronic trainer or CycleOps Indoor Cycle, wattage is constantly monitored, giving you a direct power correlation to all results. This will assist in creating power training zones.

Average VO2 Max

the average value for someone your age/gender. Use this information to compare your VO2 values to others.

Training Zones

will focus on your personal weaknesses. By training these weaknesses, you will in turn make them your strengths. The result is a new level of performance, health and well being.

Heart rate

constantly monitored, giving you a heart rate response correlation to all results. This will assist in creating heart rate training zones. Heart rate charts and programmed heart rate monitor formulas are merely averages of people that are the same age and weight. Studies show that these can be wrong by as much as 40%! The only way to know your true target heart rate is to measure O2 & CO2. This is precisely the information testing gives you!

Caloric burn rate

the relationship between effort, heart rate and calorie expenditure, giving you information about how your body performs at every range of exercise.

Fat caloric burn rate

the relationship between effort, heart rate and fat calorie expenditure, giving you information about the fuel your body uses at every range of exercise.

Speed / Grade

plotted to determine pacing and strength. This data can be directly correlated to VO2, Heart Rate and Power readings.

Point in time

logged to provide an accurate interval for all results.

 

Taking the Fitness Assessment

The data reports from the test will be discussed with you in detail. You will also have the opportunity to ask questions. This will ensure that you understand the information.

  • Wear moisture wicking, comfortable, sport specific clothing.
  • A heart rate monitor will be worn (provided)
  • A comfortable breathing mask will be placed over your mouth and nose.
  • You will warm-up and then perform a graded test. After the test, you will receive immediate reports and results.
  • You may be tested on your bike. Bring your bike, gear & water bottle. Please clean your bike. Mountain bikes must change out rear tire to a slick.
  • You may be tested on a CycleOps stationary bike. Bring your gear & water bottle. The bike has standard toe cages. You may bring your own pedals.
  • You may be tested on a Treadmill. Bring your running gear and water bottle. Treadmill test REQUIRES running for fit individuals. Non-runners may do a walk test.
  • You may be tested on available fitness equipment. Ask for details. I will come to your site, as well.
  • You will be required to fill out a Health History & Consent form. Tester reserves the right to cancel tests for individuals with health issues.
  • Spectators & CHILDREN ARE NOT ALLOWED IN THE LAB. PLEASE MAKE CHILDCARE ARRANGEMENTS.

Power Assessment

 

Coached Clients of SPP are offered:

Power Assessment

Power is the force your muscles produce or the amount of work or energy you expend in a given time frame and is measured as a watt. Power performance tests are the foundation of any power based training program, as it accurately evaluates the individual’s current performance ability and provides precise levels of power training zones. Whether you have little riding experience or are a podium finisher, you will have outstanding results when assessing your performance and using accurately measured power training zones. The tests will require you to push yourself to your highest sustainable effort, for specific periods of time. Depending upon the test goal, you can discover your max power output, time trial power, threshold power, anaerobic power and specific power training zones. A metabolic profile (VO2) is encouraged to determine  metabolic markers that need to be trained so you can set training priorities.

The test can be taken on your bike or you may use the Spinner Blade ION. You may also do outdoor field tests.

Preparing for Your Power Tests

To ensure that your assessment is as accurate as possible, there are a number of guidelines you need to follow. Please follow the recommendations given below before your assessment:

1. Wear loose and comfortable clothing such as cycling shorts, jersey and shoes.

2. Drink plenty of fluid 24 hours prior to your assessment.

3. Do not eat within 2-4 hours prior to test. Take medications as you would normally, prior to a training or race.

4. Do not smoke or drink alcohol 12 hours prior to the test.

5. Do not perform high intensity training on the day before your test. Do not perform any training on the day of your test.

6. Get adequate sleep (8 hours) the night before the assessment.

7. Please cancel if you have health concerns.

8. It is always recommended that you consult a physician for medical clearance, prior to exercise.

9. You will be required to fill out a Health History & Consent form.

10. Contact Angie Sturtevant if you have any questions or comments.

RMR Assessment

Coached Clients of SSP are offered:

RMR Testing

Introduction to RMR Testing

Knowing the minimum number of calories your body needs is important if you’re trying to lose, gain or maintain your current weight. Your Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR) is the minimum number of calories your body needs to support its basic physiological functions, including breathing, circulating blood and all of the numerous biochemical reactions required to keep you alive. Resting metabolism occurs in a continual process throughout 24 hours a day and remains relatively constant over time. Resting metabolism is the largest component (typically 60 to 70 percent) of “calories out” in the energy equation. Existing studies suggest that people with lower than expected RMR are more likely to gain weight over a period of time than those with higher RMR. People with lower RMR have “thrifty metabolisms” that conserve calories and promote overweight. Measuring the actual RMR calculates your total daily caloric needs. This value can be used to recommend meal plans and target fat gram goal, whether you are seeking weight loss or peak performance.

In the body, the calories from food are burned in the presence of oxygen. The process is called oxidation, and carbon dioxide, water vapor, and heat are produced. Because the process of oxidation in the body is well understood, the amount of total heat or energy produced by the body at rest (RMR) can be measured. Energy produced by the body at rest is measured from the measured amounts of oxygen consumed and the carbon dioxide produced (exhaled). With O2 & CO2 measurement, it is also possible to calculate your respiratory quotient (RQ). The respiratory quotient is the ratio of carbon dioxide produced divided by the oxygen consumed. It is an index of the proportion of fat and carbohydrate burned for energy production.

Understanding RMR Test Results

The RMR Assessment provides the following measurements:

RQ
ratio of the volume of CO2 expired to the volume of O2 consumed, in a given period of time. This will determine the fuel source being metabolized, as fat consumes more O2 in ratio to CO2.
Fat% – Carbohydrate %
represent your body’s preferred fuel source
RMR
Resting metablic rate
Calories
number of calories you can consume without gaining weight.
Nutritional prescriptions
for calories in/out based on weight management or peak athletic performance

The data reports from the test will be discussed with you in detail. You will also have the opportunity to ask questions. This will ensure that you understand the information.

Your Resting metabolism is influenced by a several factors:

Body weight
A larger person will typically have a higher metabolism because the body must provide energy to keep the extra body mass alive and healthy.
Body composition
Muscle is more metabolically active than fat therefore the leaner the individual the higher the metabolism.
Age
It appears that our RMR gradually declines at a rate of approximately 2% per decade after the age of 30 years. However, this decrease is primarily the result of muscle loss and much of it can be avoided with proper resistance training.
Gender
Men tend to have a higher metabolism than women, partly because they tend to be larger and have lower percent body fat than women.
Stress
When a person is experiencing stress, they will often tense their muscles, requiring more calories to keep the muscles activated or tensed.
Stimulants/Pharmaceuticals
Caffeine and other stimulants like ephedrine can temporarily stimulate body functions and increase RMR, while certain drugs may either increase or decrease RMR.
Growth
Children and pregnant women have higher RMR.
Environmental Temperature
Both heat and cold raise RMR.
Malnutrition
Not consuming the correct foods in the right proportions for your body will cause a decrease in RMR.

Taking the RMR Test

This test is the starting point for EVERYONE, whether you are new to fitness, need to lose a few pounds or seeking peak performance as a competitive athlete.

 

  • Dress comfortably
  • Fast overnight. Don’t eat or drink (except water) for at least 8 hours.
  • Don’t engage in any strenuous exercise the day before the test and avoid physical activity as much as possible on the day of the test.
  • If you take insulin, do not take your morning dose until after your test. Take all other medications as usual. Bring all your medications with you to the test.
  • You will recline in a comfortable position for about 15 minutes.
  • You will wear the breathing mask and breathe normally. Tubes from the face mask are connected to the analyzer, which will analyze the air.
  • You will receive immediate reports and results.

About Angie

20 years of experience in coaching, fitness training, metabolic assessments and analysis, nutrition planning and education consulting puts Angie at the top of the industry. She has traveled globally providing Bike Dealers, Training Centers, Coaching and Cycling/Triathlon Organizations and Magazines with seminars, webinars, certifications, continuing education and articles. She is the developer of the CycleOps Power Training Certification, Advanced Power Coaches Certification, CycleOps Power Instructor Training Manual, Spinpower® Instructor Manual and Spinpower® Training Certification.